Symonds, Ulrichs, and German Sexology

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs' series of twelve pamphlets, Forschungen über das Rätsel der mannmännlichen Liebe ("Research on the riddle on male-male love"), published between 1864 and 1870, comprise a seminal work in the history of sexuality. For Symonds, Ulrichs’ texts lay the foundation for his understanding of “sexual inversion,” the more common term and concept before … Continue reading Symonds, Ulrichs, and German Sexology

Apollo: From the Page to the Mind of J. A. Symonds

John Addington Symonds was exposed to classical Greco-Roman art through the large illustrated folios in the library in his childhood home in Clifton. In his Memoirs, Symonds recalls that his house “was well stocked with engravings, photographs, copies of Italian pictures, and illustrated works upon Greek sculpture.” (118). From this large collection, Symonds mentions that … Continue reading Apollo: From the Page to the Mind of J. A. Symonds